What is PMDD?

Below is a definition of PMDD that is so great, we couldn't have said it better ourselves!

IAMPD is a great resource for those that have PMDD & PME, and you should check out more of their content here. 

"Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (also known as Premenstrual Dysphoria, Late Luteal Phase Dysphoric Disorder, or PMDD) is a cyclical, hormone-based mood disorder with symptoms arising during the premenstrual, or luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and lasting until the onset of menstrual flow. It affects an estimated 2-10% of women of reproductive age. While PMDD is directly connected to the menstrual cycle, it is not a hormone imbalance. PMDD is a severe negative reaction to the natural rise and fall of estrogen and progesterone. It is a suspected cellular disorder with symptoms often worsening over time and sometimes worsening around reproductive events such as menarche, pregnancy, birth, miscarriage, and peri-menopause. Those with PMDD are at increased risk for suicidal behavior. Many, but not all, women with PMDD have a history of sexual trauma or depression. There is no blood or saliva test to diagnose PMDD although these tests can rule out other underlying disorders. The only way to diagnose PMDD is by tracking symptoms for at least two menstrual cycles."  Dr. Liisa Hantsoo, IAPMD

Symptoms of PMDD

​Symptoms of PMDD occur 1-2 weeks before menstruation - that's when the luteal phase, or "hell week" kicks in. Here's a list of symptoms a person with PMDD can experience:

  • Mood swings

  • Depression or feelings of hopelessness

  • Intense anger and conflict with other people

  • Tension, anxiety, and irritability

  • Decreased interest in usual activities

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Fatigue

  • Change in appetite

  • Feeling out of control

  • Sleep problems

  • Cramps and bloating

  • Breast tenderness

  • Headaches

  • Joint or muscle pain

  • Hot flashes

 

Below is a great graphic describing just where exactly the luteal phase/ hell week(s) falls in the Ovarian Cycle.

 Want to learn about the menstrual cycle? Check out this article from Clue .

Why PMDD really sucks.

Alright, we get it. It's a terrible disorder that takes up essentially half of your month, every month, and it definitely takes a huge mental toll on a person. However, the real zinger is that it doesn't just impact your professional, romantic, and social life, but it directly effects, your relationships with romantic partners, friends, and family. On top of that, PMDD has little research dedicated to the disorder, which makes treatment options pretty scarce, as these recommendations, such as SSRIs, are used to treat other mental disorders, and there is no specific cure for PMDD. 

Another reason as to why dealing with PMDD sucks, is the stigma of mental illnesses and the conversations around it. As a society we have progressed and have opened up the discussion, but it is especially difficult today to discuss the mental health of those who menstruate. Last, but certainly not least, most people have never heard of PMDD and what it is, and that desperately needs to change.

That's why "period" was created, to help ignite the change we need to see in menstruation related mental health issues.

Citations

 

Gaither, K. (2018, July 07). Sexual Health: Your Guide to Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. Retrieved 2020, from https://www.webmd.com/women/pms/premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder

Hantsoo, L., Dr. (2019). What is PMDD. Retrieved 2020, from https://iapmd.org/about-pmdd

Laurie Ray, D. (2020, July 01). The menstrual cycle, explained. Retrieved 2020, from https://helloclue.com/articles/cycle-a-z/the-menstrual-cycle-more-than-just-the-period

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©2020 by "period"

*Disclaimer: The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.